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APA 7th referencing style

This is a guide to using the APA 7th referencing style from the American Psychological Association. It is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Podcast

Elements of the reference

Author - last name, initial(s) (Role eg. Host). (Year - Year). Title - italicised, [Type Podcast]. Publisher. Web address - if available

In-text reference

(Malcolm, 2002-present)

Malcolm (2002-present)

Reference list

If access via app or no web address, leave out web address

Malcolm, L. (Host). (2002-present). All in the mind [Audio podcast]. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. https://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/allinthemind/

EndNote reference type

Podcast

Convert to plain text. Add (Host) after author name.

Podcast episode

Elements of the reference

Author - last name, initial(s) (Role eg. Host). (Year, Month Day). Episode Title (No. Episode Number - if available) [Type podcast episode]. In Series Title - italicised. Publisher. Web address - if available

In-text reference

(Malcolm, 2019)

Malcolm (2019)

Reference list

If access via app or no web address, leave out web address

Malcolm, L. (Host). (2019, September 8). Inside talking therapy [Audio podcast episode] All in the mind. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. https://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/allinthemind/inside-talking-therapy/11478090

EndNote reference type

Podcast

Convert to plain text. Add (Host) after author name.

Email

Elements of the reference Not included in reference list
In-text reference

K. P. Miles (personal communication, August 6, 2018)

Or

(L. J. Henderson, personal communication, February 5, 2017)

Reference list Not included in reference list, only cited in text.
EndNote reference type Entered into text manually

 

Blog post

Elements of the reference

Author - last name, initial(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of post. Blog name - italicised. Web address

In-text reference

(Conason, 2018)

Conason (2018) stated that ....

Reference list

Conason, A. (2018, October 5). Why you should consider group therapy. Eating Mindfully. https://www.psychologytoday.com/au/blog/eating-mindfully/201810/why-you-should-consider-group-therapy

EndNote reference type

Blog

 

 

Comment on a post or article

Elements of the reference

Author - last name, initial(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of post comment or up to first 20 words [Comment on the article "Article or post title"]. Blog title - italicised. Web address

In-text reference

(Hordofa, 2019)

Hordofa (2019)

Reference list
  • Use name of person making comment as author
  • Include title of comment or up to first 20 words of comment as title
  • Shortened web address can be used

Hordofa, A. B. (2019, October 9). I am very interested to read it and congratulates the author for the finding! [Comment on the post "In the eye of the beholder: Why you should care about color blindness when designing scientific images"]. Elsevier Researcher Academy. https://www.elsevier.com/connect/authors-update/in-the-eye-of-the-beholder

EndNote reference type

Blog

YouTube video - real name of person posting known

Elements of the reference

Author - last name, initial(s) [username]. (Year, Month Day). Title of video [Video]. Site name (eg. YouTube). Web address.

In-text reference

(O'Brian, 2017)

O'Brien (2017) has argued ....

Reference list

O’Brien, B. [Brenna O]. (2017, May 5). NVivo 11 training - full video (5/4/17) - updated [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNo-Qxsp-mk

EndNote reference type

Online multimedia

If username included, convert to plain text. Add [username].

YouTube video - screen name only

Elements of the reference

Username - exactly as posted. (year, month day). Title of video [Video]. Site name (eg. YouTube). Web Address

In-text reference

(ssiconamed, 2013)

ssiconamed (2013) noted that ....

Reference list

ssiconamed. (2013, July 5). Tutorial NVivo [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7AtFisYXo9k

EndNote reference type

Online multimedia

Add username to Created by field.

Wikipedia

Elements of the reference

Title of entry. (Year, Month Date or n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved Month Date, Year - if needed, Web address

In-text reference

("Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy", 2019)

"Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy" (2019)

Reference list
  • Use archived version (click on "View History" to check). Include listed date in (Year, Month Date) section.
  • If no archived version available, use n.d. in (Year) and include Retrieved information (as below)

Archived Version Available:

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. (2019, July 10). In Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mindfulness-based_cognitive_therapy&oldid=905716408

No Archived Version:

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved November 20, 2019, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mindfulness-based_cognitive_therapy&oldid=905716408

EndNote reference type

Archived Version:

Electronic book section

No Archived Version:

Dictionary