Skip to main content

APA 7th referencing style

This is a guide to using the APA 7th referencing style from the American Psychological Association. It is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Tips on using headings

  • There are five levels of headings
  • All headings work from the top level down, regardless of how many subheadings in the section
  • Each section begins with the top level heading, regardless of how many subheadings are used within the section
  • Do not use numbers or letters as labels in headings 
  • Do not use Introduction as your first heading
  • The title of the paper is not considered a heading. Place the title at the top of the first page and use regular font that is centered. Follow with the text.

Five levels of headings

Heading Level Formatting
1 Centered, Bold, Upper Case and Lower Case Heading (Title Case)
2 Left aligned, Bold, Upper Case and Lower Case Heading (Title Case)
3 Left aligned, Bold, Italicised, Upper Case and Lower Case Heading (Title Case)
4

Indented, Bold, Upper Case and Lower Case Heading (Title Case), ending with a full stop. Text begins on same line and continues as normal paragraph.

5

Indented, Bold, Italicised, Upper Case and Lower Case Heading (Title Case), ending with a full stop. Text begins on same line and continues as normal paragraph.

Example

Results

Outcome of Parenting Intervention

Group Support

Large Groups

Small Groups.

Children Aged 3-5.