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APA 7th referencing style

This is a guide to using the APA 7th referencing style from the American Psychological Association. It is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Images - from a website

Elements of the reference

Author(s) - Last name, initial - use & for multiple authors. (Year). Title - italicised. [Image description]. Site name. Web address

In-text reference

The University of Queensland, n.d.

The University of Queensland (n.d.) shows that...

Reference list

The University of Queensland. (n.d.). [Photograph of baby koala in tree]. https://www.uq.edu.au/news/article/2020/01/new-umbrella%E2%80%99-species-would-massively-improve-conservation

EndNote reference type

Artwork

Add type of image to Type of Work field

Infographic

Elements of the reference

Author(s) - Last name, initial - use & for multiple authors. (Year). Title - italicised. [Infographic]. Site name. Web address

In-text reference

(Ivett, 2017)

Ivett (2017) showed that ....

Reference list

Ivett, K. (2017). Women and equality in national parliaments. [Infographic]. Kantar Information is Beautiful. https://www.informationisbeautifulawards.com/showcase/1850-women-and-equality-in-national-parliaments

EndNote reference type

Artwork

Add Infographic to Type of Work field.

Photographs

Elements of the reference

Creator(s) - Last name, initial - use & for multiple authors. (Year). Title - italicised. [Photograph]. Site name. Web address

In-text reference

(Watson, n.d.)

Watson (n.d.) demonstrates that ....

Reference list

Waton, C. (n.d.). Red-capped robin [Photograph]. Australian Geographic. https://www.australiangeographic.com.au/topics/wildlife/2019/09/a-guide-to-australias-most-colourful-robins/

If there is no title, include a brief description in square brackets [ ] where the title goes. Do not italicise.

Gilligan, J. (n.d.). [Photograph of Australian cassowary sleeping]. Australian Geographic. https://www.australiangeographic.com.au/topics/wildlife/2019/10/jungle-royalty-the-enigmatic-cassowary/

EndNote reference type

Artwork

If no title, add brief information to Description field.

Add Photograph to Type of Work field

Stock image or clip art

Elements of the reference

Author(s) - use & to combine authors. (Year). Title - italicised [Clip art OR Stock image]. Site name. Web address

In-text reference

(Lucky Business, n.d.)

Lucky Business (n.d.)

Reference list

Lucky Business. (n.d.). Close up view of student taking notes during lecture [Stock image]. shutterstock. https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/close-view-student-taking-notes-during-309289910

EndNote reference type

Artwork

Add Clip art OR Stock image to Type of Work field

Add provider of image eg. shutterstock to Publisher field

Instagram photo

Elements of the reference

Author(s) - use & to combine authors [Instagram name]. (Year, Month Day). Title or content up to first 20 words - italicised [Photograph(s)]. Instagram. Web address

In-text reference

(The University of Queensland Library, 2019)

The University of Queensland Library (2019) showed that....

Reference list

The University of Queensland Library [uniofqldlibrary].(2019, October 21). St Lucia is looking extra gramable this morning. Happy Monday everyone! [Photograph]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/B32v1CUFTQ3/

Short form web addresses can also be used

EndNote reference type

Social media