Skip to main content

APA 6th referencing style

A guide to using the APA 6th referencing style.

Using personal communications

  • These can include:-
  • personal interviews
  • emails
  • letters
  • memos
  • phone conversations
  • personal communications are NOT included in the reference list. They are only added as an in-text citation.

Personal communication

Elements of the reference Person - initial(s). last name (personal communication, Month Day, Year)
In-text reference

J. T. Lewis (personal communication, May 14, 2018)

(K. Taylor, personal communication, March 17, 2009)

EndNote reference type Add manually to document using above format.