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APA 6th referencing style

A guide to using the APA 6th referencing style.

Podcasts

Elements of the reference

Author. (Year, month day). Title - italicised, [Type of media]. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx

In-text reference (Al Zaabi & Bjarnesen, 2006)
Reference list

Al Zaabi, M. (Producer), & Bjarnesen, T. (Presenter). (2006, November 7). Diabetes in the elderly [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/hn/talks/

EndNote reference type

Audiovisual material

Add “Producer” and “Presenter” in manually

Add “Audio podcast” to the Type field.

Email or personal communication

Elements of the reference Not included in reference list
In-text reference

K.P.Miles (personal communication, August 6, 2008)

Or

(L.J. Henderson, personal communication, February 5, 2007)

Reference list Not included in reference list, only cited in text.
EndNote reference type Entered into text manually

 

Message posted to a newsgroup, online forum or discussion group

Elements of the reference

Author - last name, initial(s). (Year, month day). Title of post [Type of format]. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx

If only screen name is available, use the screen name for author.

In-text reference

(Winther, 2009)

Winther (2009) stated that ....

Reference list

Winther, M. (2009, January 14). The unconscious is spirit [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from http://groups.google.com/group/ alt.psychology.jung/topics?lnk

EndNote reference type

Web Page

Add “January 14” to Last Update Date field

Add “Online forum comment” to Type of Medium field.

Blog post

Elements of the reference

Author - last name, initial(s) or screen name. (Year, month day). Title [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx

In-text reference

(Reville, 2006)

Reville (2006) stated that ....

Reference list

Reville, L. (2006, September 5). Where to find fundraising ideas [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://nlrp.blogspot.com/

EndNote reference type

Blog

Add Month Year to "Late Update Date" field

Add Web log message to "Description" field

 

Comment on blog post

Elements of the reference

Author - last name, initial(s) or screen name. (Year, Month Day). Title of port comment [Web log comment]. Retrieved from: http://www.xxxxxx

In-text reference

(Becker, 2017)

Becker (2017) stated that ....

Reference list

Beck, C. (2017, June 5). Re: This is what a librarian looks like [Web log comment]. Retrieved from: https://librarianbyday.net/2017/06/05/this-is-what-a-librarian-looks-like-2/

EndNote reference type

Blog

Add Month Year to "Late Update Date" field

Add Web log message to "Description" field

Email discussion list – web archive

Elements of the reference

Author - last name, initial(s). (Year, month day). Title of message [Electronic mailing list message]. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx

In-text reference

(Vuinovich, 2001)

Vuinovich (2001) found that ....

Reference list

Vuinovich, G. (2001, April 4). Report on malaria outbreak [Electronic mailing list message]. Retrieved from http://www.hcmatters.org/VirtualListserv_Archives/ HCM/Policy/2001/msg016.html

EndNote reference type

Web Page

Add “April 4” to Last Update Date field

Add “Electronic mailing list message” to Type of Medium field.

 

ERIC document (limited circulation book or monograph, from electronic database)

Elements of the reference

Author. (Year). Title [Type of media]. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx

In-text reference

(Alberta Education, 2009)

Alberta Education (2009) found that ....

Reference list

Alberta Education, Learning and Teaching Resources Branch. (2009). Cree language and culture: 9-year program guide to implementation, grades 4-5-6 [Monograph]. Retrieved from http://eric.ed.gov/

EndNote reference type

Web Page

Add “Monograph” to Type of Medium field.

ERIC document (informally published or self-archived)

Elements of the reference

Author. (Year). Title. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx OR Database Name (Include database number if available).

In-text reference

(Montgomery, 2009)

Montgomery (2009) stated that ....

Reference list

Montgomery, J.R. (2009). Using audio books to improve reading and academic performance. Retrieved from ERIC database (ED505947).

EndNote reference type Web Page

YouTube video - real name of person posting known

Elements of the reference

Author - last name, initial(s) [Screen name]. (Year, Month Day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from Web Address.

In-text reference

(O'Brian, 2017)

O'Brien (2017) has argued ....

Reference list

O’Brien, B. [Brenna O]. (2017, May 5). NVivo 11 training - full video (5/4/17) - updated [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNo-Qxsp-mk

EndNote reference type

Online multimedia

Remove (Producer) from reference after converting document to plain text (final step)

YouTube video - screen name only

Elements of the reference

Screen name - exactly as posted. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from Web Address

In-text reference

(ssiconamed, 2013)

ssiconamed (2013) noted that ....

Reference list

ssiconamed. (2013, July 5). Tutorial NVivo [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7AtFisYXo9k

EndNote reference type

Online multimedia

Remove (Producer) from reference after converting document to plain text (final step)