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AMJ (Academy of Management Journal) referencing style

Reference List

References are your entries in the alphabetical list at the end of your document. This list should include only work you have cited in your assignment.

  • References should be listed in alphabetic order by the last name of a sole author, a first author, an editor, or by the name of a corporate author. If an item has no author or editor, it is cited by title, and included in the alphabetical list using the first significant word of the title
  • References should include the name of all of the authors in the order in which they appear on the publication. 
  • If you have more than one item with the same author, list the items chronologically, starting with the earliest publication. 
  • If an author has published more than one publication in the same year, differentiate entries by adding small letters after the years (e.g. 2000a, 2000b). Repeat the author's name for each entry.
  • Each reference appears on a new line. 
  • There is no numbering of the references. 
  • Use single line spacing with a double line of space between references. 
  • Each reference should be presented with a hanging indent, that is, indent the second and subsequent lines of the reference by one tab space.  

EndNote Referencing Software

The University of Queensland Library provides access to EndNote which assist in creating reference lists. If you are using EndNote, download the Academy of Management Journal Style from the EndNote Styles page.

Example reference list - AMJ Style

AMA. 1994. 1994 American Management Association survey on downsizing and assistance to displaced workers. New York: American Management Association. 

Baker, W. E., & Sinkula, J. M. 2005. Environmental marketing strategy and firm performance: Effect on new product performance and market share. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 33: 461–475. 

Cabinet Office. 2001. Annual report on Japan’s economy and public finance 2000–2001. Tokyo: Government of Japan. 

Colby, M. E. 1990. Environmental management in development: The evolution of paradigms. WDP-80. World Bank Discussion Paper. Washington DC: World Bank.

IEEE Computer Society/Association for Computing Machinery: Joint Task Force on Computing Curricula. 2004. Curriculum guidelines for undergraduate degree programs in software engineering. Accessed online Viewed February, 27 2009. 

ISO (International Organization for Standardization). 2002. The ISO survey of ISO 9000 and ISO14001certificates. Accessed online Viewed January 25, 2018. 

Kumar, V., & Luo, M. 2006. Linking an individual’s brand value to the customer lifetime value: An integrated framework. American Marketing Association Winter Educators’ Conference, Chicago, Proceedings, 17: 152. 

Levina, N. 2001. Multi-party information systems development: The challenge of crossboundary collaboration. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA. 

Lichtenthaler, U., Ernst, H., & Lichtenthaler, E. 2005. Desorptive capacity: A capability-based perspective on external knowledge exploitation. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Honolulu. 

Miller, S. C. 1992. Networking: Managing systems with thousands of users. New York Times, September 27: 3–8. 

Morrison, A. M., White, R. P., & Van Velsor, E. 1987. Breaking the glass ceiling: Can women reach the top of America’s largest corporations? Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. 

Wilson, J. D. 1996. Capital mobility and environmental standards: Is there a theoretical basis for a race to the bottom? In J. Bhagwati & R. R. Hudec (Eds.), Fair trade and harmonization: Prerequisites for free trade, vol. 1. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 

Wouters, K., Tesluk, P. E., & Buyens, D. 2007. Managerial learning from high responsibility assignments: The role of perceived challenge and emotions of pleasant activation. Working paper, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD. 

York, J. G., O’Neil, I., & Sarasvathy, S. D. 2016. Exploring environmental entrepreneurship: Identity coupling, venture goals, and stakeholder incentives. Journal of Management Studies, 53: 695–737.


An appendix, or appendices, can be used to present long but essential material that would otherwise clog up the body of the document, for example, methodological details such as the calculation of measures, or extracts from a survey.

  • Be concise. Only include that detail which is essential to supporting the purpose of the document. 
  • Label appendices "APPENDIX A," "APPENDIX B," and so forth.
  • Label tables within appendices "Table A1," "Table B1" and so forth