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Chicago 17th edition notes and bibliography

Footnotes and Bibliography for the Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition

Citing personal communication

Personal communications, including email and text messages and direct messages sent through social media, are usually cited in the text or in a note only; they are rarely included in a bibliography. Most such information can be referred to simply as a conversation, message, or the like; the medium may be mentioned if relevant.

Personal communication

Elements of citation

Originator of the communication --  Medium -- Date


18. Sam Gomez, Facebook message to author, 1 August, 2017.



Endnote reference type Personal communication