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History: Europe

History of European nations from the Middle Ages to the present including primary sources

Primary sources

Primary sources are first hand evidence or records of the time. They may take the form of diaries, letters, interviews, speeches, photographs, posters, pamphlets and official records. They can give you a first-hand account of what life was like during the event or time you're looking at, and show you what people thought and felt about the world.

You can find primary sources in books, sourcebooks, newspapers and in our digital collections.

Original sources: Europe in general

Online newspapers and periodical collections