Skip to Main Content

UQ Harvard referencing style

The Harvard style is a generic author-date style for citing and referencing information used.

About referencing legislation

​The titles of pieces of legislation should be cited exactly.

There is no need to include legislation or legal authorities in the reference list unless it is important to an understanding of the work. In such cases, set the list apart from the main reference list under the relevant subheading.

  • For legislation, use the subheading 'Legislation' and list pieces alphabetically.
  • For legal authorities or case law, use the subheading 'Legal authorities' and list cases alphabetically.

For further details, consult Snooks & Co. (rev.) 2002, Style guide for authors, editors and printers, pp. 224 - 228, Milton, Qld, John Wiley & Sons.

Act and Ordinance

Elements of the citation Short Title of Act or Ordinance - in italics Year - in italics (Jurisdiction) - in brackets and abbreviated form Section (if applicable).

First references should always cite the short formal title, in italics, exactly and in full with date, jurisdiction and section (if applicable). In subsequent references, this can be shown in roman type and without the date.

First citation:

Queensland's Criminal Code 1899 establishes ...


... Criminal Code 1899 (Qld)

If using the second format, include the jurisdiction in abbreviated form, in parentheses after the title of the Act. ​

Second and subsequent citations:

The Criminal Code ...

Indicate units of division with the following abbreviations: s. for Section; ss. for Sections. For example:

Section 4 of the Commonwealth Copyright Act 1968 ...


The Copyright Act 1968 (Cth), ss. 6-7 ...

Reference list

Copyright Act 1968 (Cwth)

Criminal Code 1899 (Qld)

EndNote reference type


Add Act title Year to "Title" field. Add (Jurisdiction) abbreviation to "Year" field - in brackets

Other legislation


Bills are cited in the same way as Acts, however, the Bill title and year should not be italicised.


Major Events Bill 2014 (Qld)

Delegated legislation

Delegated legislation (including regulations, rules and by-laws) are cited the same way as Acts, however the title and year should not be italicised and the pinpoint will use different abbreviations, for example: r. for a single regulation; rr. for multiple regulations. 


Penalties and Sentences Regulation 2005 (Qld) r. 7(1)

Legislation from other nations

The titles of Acts of the parliaments of other nations should not be presented in italics.


Digital Economy Act 2017 (UK)


Elements of the citation Name of the case - in italics (Year in round brackets) Volume number Abbreviated name of the report series Page number on which the case begins

First mention of the case:

  • should be cited in full - Commonwealth v Tasmania (1983) 153 CLR 1
  • An abbreviated form or the name by which the case is commonly known by can be given in round brackets following the formal citation - Commonwealth v Tasmania (1983) 153 CLR 1 (the Tasmanian Dam Case)

Subsequent mentions of the case

  • An abbreviated or common form of the case name can be used.
Reference list

Commonwealth v Tasmania (1983) 158 CLR 1


  • Case name: Commonwealth v Tasmania - italicised
  • Year: 1983
  • Volume number: 158
  • Report series abbreviation: CLR - Commonwealth Law Reports
  • Page number on which report of the case begins: 1
EndNote reference type


Note: enter the entire reference into the Author field followed by a comma and italicise the case name.

This will put the full case details intext and in the reference list.  If you don't want this enter the full case name details in the title field.  No intext reference will appear.

Manually remove the full stop after the case name in the reference list. (you can only do this once the Word document is disconnected from EndNote)