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UQ Harvard referencing style

The Harvard style is a generic author-date style for citing and referencing information used.

Elements of the citation

Author(s) Year, Title - italicised, type of medium, Day and Month (if applicable), Publisher (if applicable), Place of publication (if applicable), viewed date, <URL>.


Reference type Example
In-text (Williams 2011)
Reference list Williams, R 2011, 'New lab for ancient DNA', The Science Show, podcast, 22 October, ABC, viewed 31 October 2011, <>.

Audiovisual material

Blog post

Elements of the citation:

Author(s) Year of post, 'Title of blogpost' - in single quotation marks, Title of blogsite - in italics, Description of post, Day and Month of post, Viewed date, <URL>.

Reference type Example
In-text (O’Neill 2011)
Reference list  O'Neill, I 2011, 'Could Kepler Detect Borg Cubes? Why Not', AstroEngine, blog post, 19 May, viewed 5 October 2011, <>.

Web Page
Use the publisher field for blog name

YouTube video

Reference type Example

(Virgin StartUp 2015)

Reference list Virgin StartUp 2015, Sir Richard Branson: how to start a business, online video, 17 March, YouTube, viewed 3 December 2015, <>.

Web page

Electronic mail list, list server or online bulletin board

Elements of the citation:

Author(s) Author's identifying details (- usually email address) Year of post, Title of post - in italics, Description of post, Day and Month of post, Name of list owner, Viewed date, <URL>.

Reference type Example
In- text (Borthworthy 2 February 2014)
Reference list

Borthworthy, J <> 2014, News blogs galore, list server, 2 February, National Association, viewed 6 February, <>

The title of the post must come from the 'subject' line in the message.