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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander referencing

Ensure you are referencing Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander authors respectfully

Acknowledging Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' knowledge

The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander referencing guide outlines a method to acknowledge, celebrate and respect Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' knowledge and materials. Use culturally appropriate and respectful language practices when writing with, for or about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, to showcase the culturally diverse knowledge that enriches the teaching curriculum.

Why should I use the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander referencing guide?

Referencing plays an essential role in successful academic writing to avoid plagiarism and maintain academic integrity throughout assignments and research.

"Weaving the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and knowledge into the fabric of education has been identified nationally as key to improving outcomes"  - Embedding Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Perspectives in Schools (PDF, 3MB).

Following our referencing method enables a form of reconciliation through inclusive teaching practices. Inclusive and respectful terminology and language can impact on attitudes, understandings and relationships in a tangible way. As a result this leads to strengthening relationships between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and the wider Australian community.

How to acknowledge Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander authors in your referencing

Add the distinct Language Groups or Traditional Country

As a first preference, when referencing Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander authors, it is important to acknowledge their distinct Language Groups or Traditional Country after their name. AIATSIS explains what these terms mean. 

Note: The examples shown are in APA style. Remember to follow the format required by your referencing style.


Examples:

Single Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander author

Heiss, A. (Wiradjuri). (Ed.). (2018). Growing up Aboriginal in Australia. Black Inc.

Two or more Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander authors

Davis, M., (Cobble Cobble) & Langton, M.J. (Yiman & Bidjara). (Eds.). (2016). It’s Our Country: Indigenous Arguments for Meaningful Constitutional Recognition and Reform. Melbourne University Press.

Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous authors

Langton, M., (Yiman & Bidjara), Tehan, L., Palmer, R., & Shain, K. (Eds.). (2004). Honour among nations? Treaties and agreements with Indigenous peoples. Melbourne University Publishing.


Add the terms Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander

If the Language Groups or Traditional Country are unknown, the next appropriate option is to use the terms Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander after their name. 

Examples:

Mills, J. (Aboriginal). (2021). Indigenous Reference Guide. University of Queensland Press.

Mills, J. (Torres Strait Islander). (2021). Indigenous Reference Guide. University of Queensland Press.

Mills, J. (Torres Strait Islander and Aboriginal). (2021). Indigenous Reference Guide. University of Queensland Press.

Further reading